Think groups

Using cohorts to help mid-career professionals thrive in the workplace

In Short

A Jim Joseph Foundation team looked for the best practices for building up Jewish nonprofit workers

As the Jim Joseph Foundation works toward developing “dynamic, pioneering leaders and educators,” the foundation wants to learn about the most effective professional development experiences. To this end, about a year and a half ago, the foundation launched an initiative to test new models of connection, learning and leadership development in cohort settings for mid-career professionals within the Jewish community. 

The foundation hired Heather Wolfson, Seth Linden and Gamal J. Palmer to help guide this work (Rachel Brodie, z’’l, was also a key partner in the first phase of this work). Together, we have been testing cohort models to understand what makes these experiences so powerful and which design elements contribute to their success: increasing retention and supporting career growth and feelings of connectedness and belonging. 

Our ultimate aim is to understand how we might greatly expand and democratize – to make accessible and more affordable – the “cohort-based professional development experiences in the Jewish communal ecosystem, to support and nourish the Jewish educators and leaders who are the backbone of Jewish communal life.” 

The cohort members in this initiative self-organize around who is in the group and the content they discuss. We envision a scalable model over several years with thousands of participants benefiting because they help co-design and co-create experiences that are enriching and cost-efficient. In this model, the foundation provides administrative support and financial resources, and a framework for deciding the purpose, participants and content. The groups can bring in facilitators or outside speakers without the additional burden of scheduling and leading the professional development themselves.

After supporting 12 cohorts for different audiences, we want to share key lessons from our experience and from an independent evaluation conducted by Tobin Belzer,an applied sociologist at the Taube Center for Jewish Studies at Stanford University. The initial cohorts served a range of professionals, including event planners who execute large-scale convenings for Jewish nonprofits, BIPOC (Black, indigenous, people of color) professionals who lead diversity, equity and inclusion efforts within Jewish organizations and practitioners of cohort-based experiences.

Here’s what we learned:

People crave low-pressure connections and micro-communities.
People desperately want connections to others with whom they share professional and personal experiences. Our cohort sessions were fairly informal and had some guest speakers, shared facilitation and leadership roles, and time simply for talking and reflecting. This low-pressure tenor can be accomplished both in-person and virtually. Feelings of isolation and anxiety are prevalent among all demographics, especially those professionals supporting young adults and teens. These cohorts were, as the initiative’s first documentation report details, “supportive containers.” One participant shared, “This group made me feel more confident in my position — I now have a place to better understand industry norms, brainstorm, network and bring back real data to my organization.” Having a micro-community of peers to share challenges and successes strengthens feelings of connectedness, a factor in sustaining positive mental health.

People want to feel seen, heard and valued. These micro-investments do that.
Many nonprofit professionals feel they lack professional development opportunities and room for growth at their organizations. Only a select few are in prestigious fellowship programs designed to help professionals learn new skills and build networks. When we launched the initiative, aside from the first cohorts that the foundation identified, we solicited proposals from professionals in the field of Jewish education to ask what leadership development cohorts they wanted to design and participate in. Being asked what learning experiences they would find most impactful and helpful, and with whom — and then seeing that take shape — was a powerful validation of their worth. As one participant shared during the evaluation process, “I really appreciated having the support, knowledge and guidance of my colleagues.”

People seek a range of modalities to access learning.
The settings and ways in which learning occurs should be dynamic and reflect learning for the whole person. Our first cohorts are now thinking about how they will continue learning together with guest speakers and retreats. Other modalities we offered or facilitated include self-care, wellness activities and book exchanges among cohort members. We found that people want both guidance and autonomy; they want to be empowered to lead and teach in certain areas. The modalities should be varied and enable people to find the learning opportunities that best suit them. 

The number of cohort members matters.
This is key. After different scenarios and some trial and error, we found that too many people in a cohort poses challenges and makes it more difficult for the group to bond and feel connected. Somewhere between six and 12 people seems optimal. However, you need to account for cohort members who do not attend every session. If you accept 15 people, ten might show up regularly. Setting attendance parameters in advance can help to avoid this issue. 

Cohort-based programs should have clear goals and outcomes.
Program participants want to know the purpose behind the programs in which they participate, including the long-term goals and desired outcomes. The foundation, for example, launched this to “nourish” each participant, but the long-term goal is to increase the efficacy and retention of professionals in the Jewish nonprofit sector. The evaluation shows that this experience expanded the participants’ understanding of the Jewish organizational landscape and helped them recognize there is a place for themselves in the Jewish communal sector beyond their current position.

Throughout the program, cohort members asked us good, pointed questions about why we were running this initiative. The latest evaluation shows their desire to have clear answers to these questions. 

We know there is still much to learn about the recruitment, structure, content, modalities and more of these cohort programs. We also express gratitude to the participants and all other professionals who submitted proposals. They were, and are, part of this learning journey. Moving forward, we will continue to support existing groups, explore working with network organizations as partners and develop plans to go beyond this pilot phase, making this opportunity available to more Jewish professionals across the field.

Heather Wolfson leads Maven Leadership Consulting, Seth Linden leads Gather Consulting, and Gamal J. Palmer leads Conscious Builders. Jenna Hanauer is a program officer at the Jim Joseph Foundation. More background information and learnings from the Cohort-Based Professional Development Experiences Initiative can be found in the initial October 2022 documentation report by Rosov Consulting and the May 2023 Phase II evaluation report by  Tobin Belzer.