JPR / Institute for Jewish Policy Research has released Jews in Europe at the turn of the Millennium: Population trends and estimates.

The study contains a thorough and up-to-date analysis of demographic trends among Jews in Europe, and latest Jewish population counts across the continent.

From the report:

While the concept of Europe may be clear in the minds of many, the geographical and cultural limits of the continent have shifted and constitute a subject for ample debate. Internal variability has been a central characteristic of the general European experience since antiquity. This is especially true for Jews, whose continuous presence on the continent has lasted for more than 2,200 years. Europe’s political divisions make it difficult to create a homogeneous Jewish population database…

The operational limits of Europe adopted in this report include the conventional geographical definition of the continent from Lisbon to Vladivostok, as well as two countries sometimes classified as part of Asia. One is Cyprus, which is included as it is a member of the European Union. The other is Turkey, which has been included because a clear majority of its Jewish population lives in the European part of the country, namely the neighbourhoods of the Istanbul metropolitan area west of the Bosphorus. Similarly, the entire Russian Republic is included in our population estimates, including Jews who live in areas actually located in Asia beyond the Ural Mountains.

The complete report, Jews in Europe at the turn of the Millennium: Population trends and estimates, is available for download here.